Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’  A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alexander’s Hill, Follifoot, North Yorkshire
  10. All Saints Church, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  11. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  12. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  13. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  14. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  15. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  16. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  17. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  18. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  19. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  20. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  21. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  22. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  23. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  24. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  25. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  26. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  27. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  28. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  29. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  30. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  31. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  32. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  33. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  34. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  35. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  36. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  37. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  38. Beacon Hill, Swaffam Bulbeck, Cambridgeshire
  39. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  40. Bedford Hill, Tooting, Surrey
  41. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  42. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  43. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  44. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  45. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  46. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  47. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  48. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  49. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  50. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  51. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  52. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  53. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  54. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  55. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  56. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  57. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  58. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  59. Breckon Howe, Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  60. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  61. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  62. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  63. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  64. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  65. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  66. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  67. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  68. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  70. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  71. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  72. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  73. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  74. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  75. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  76. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  77. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  78. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  79. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  80. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  81. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  82. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  83. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  84. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  85. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  86. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  87. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  88. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  89. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  90. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  91. Chealamy, Strathnaver – see Farr Church
  92. Chellow Heights, Heaton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  93. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  94. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  95. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  96. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  97. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  98. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  99. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  100. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  101. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  102. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  103. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  104. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  105. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  106. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  107. Cowpasture Road, Ilkley, West Yorkshire
  108. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  109. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  110. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  111. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  112. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  113. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  114. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  115. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  116. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  117. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  118. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  119. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  120. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  121. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  122. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  123. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  124. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  125. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  126. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  127. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  128. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  129. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  130. Dowley Gap, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  131. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  132. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  133. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  134. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  135. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  136. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  137. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  138. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  139. Easter Nether Urquhart, Gateside, Fife
  140. Eastwood Farm, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire
  141. Edmund’s Grave, Dron, Perthshire
  142. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  143. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  144. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  145. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  146. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  147. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  148. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  149. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  150. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  151. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  152. Farr Church, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  153. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  154. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  155. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  156. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  157. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  158. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  159. Fiscary Cairnfield, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  160. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  161. Flat Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  162. Flat Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  163. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  164. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  165. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  166. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  167. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  168. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  169. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  170. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  171. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  172. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  173. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  174. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  175. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  176. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  177. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  178. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  179. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  180. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  181. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  182. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  183. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  184. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  185. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  186. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  187. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  188. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  189. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  190. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  191. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  192. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  193. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  194. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  195. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  196. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  197. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  198. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  199. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  200. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  201. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  202. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  203. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  204. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  205. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  206. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  207. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  208. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  209. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  210. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  211. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  212. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  213. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  214. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  215. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  216. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  217. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  218. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  219. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  220. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  221. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  222. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  223. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  224. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  225. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  226. Langside Farm, Lanark, Lanarkshire
  227. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  228. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  229. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  230. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  231. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  232. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  233. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  234. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  235. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  236. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  237. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  238. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  239. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  240. Loch of Blairs, Forres, Moray
  241. Longbarrow Field, Timble, North Yorkshire
  242. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  243. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  244. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  245. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  246. Lower Headley Farm, Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  247. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  248. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  249. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  250. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  251. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  252. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  253. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  254. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  255. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  256. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  257. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  258. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  259. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  260. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  261. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  262. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  263. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  264. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  265. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  266. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  267. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  268. Nether Glenny (01), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  269. Nether Glenny (02), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  270. Newmarket Heath (1), Newmarket – see Ninescore Hill
  271. Newmarket Heath (2), Newmarket, Suffolk
  272. Newmarket Heath (3), Newmarket, Suffolk
  273. Newmarket Heath (4), Newmarket, Suffolk
  274. Newmarket Heath (5), Swaffam Prior, Cambridgeshire
  275. Ninescore Hill, Newmarket, Suffolk
  276. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  277. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  278. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  279. The Old Pike, Beamsley Moor, North Yorkshire
  280. Old Pleck, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  281. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  282. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  283. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  284. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  285. Pen Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  286. Pen Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  287. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  288. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  289. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  290. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  291. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  292. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  293. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  294. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  295. Portmore Loch, Eddleston, Peeblesshire
  296. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  297. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  298. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  299. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  300. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  301. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  302. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  303. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  304. Rolleston’s Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  305. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  306. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  307. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  308. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  309. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  310. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  311. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  312. St. Serf’s Water, Crieff, Perthshire
  313. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  314. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  315. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  316. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  317. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  318. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  319. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  320. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  321. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  322. Sheriff Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  323. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  324. Simon Howe, Goathland, North Yorkshrie
  325. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  326. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  327. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  328. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  329. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  330. Southdown Cottage, Cotmandene, Dorking, Surrey
  331. South Wonston, Hampshire
  332. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  333. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  334. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  335. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  336. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  337. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  338. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  339. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  340. Tarbert, Argyll
  341. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  342. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  343. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  344. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  345. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  346. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  347. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  348. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  349. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  350. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  351. Tumble Beacon, Banstead, Surrey
  352. The Two Captains, Stetchworth, Cambridgeshire
  353. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  354. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  355. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  356. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  357. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  358. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  359. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  360. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  361. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  362. Woodhenge Circle (1), Durrington, Wiltshire
  363. Woodhenge Circle (2), Durrington, Wiltshire
  364. Woodhenge Circle (3), Durrington, Wiltshire
  365. Woodhenge Circle (4), Durrington, Wiltshire
  366. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  367. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland