Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Bedford Hill, Tooting, Surrey
  38. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  39. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  40. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  42. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  45. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  46. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  49. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  50. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  51. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  52. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  53. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  55. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  56. Breckon Howe, Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  57. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  58. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  59. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  60. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  61. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  62. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  63. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  64. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  65. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  70. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  71. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  72. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  73. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  74. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  75. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  76. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  77. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  78. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  79. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  80. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  81. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  82. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  83. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  84. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  85. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  86. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  87. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  88. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  89. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  90. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  91. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  92. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  93. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  94. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  95. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  96. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  97. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  98. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  99. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  100. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  101. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  102. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  103. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  104. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  105. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  106. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  107. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  108. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  109. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  110. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  111. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  112. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  113. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  114. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  115. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  116. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  117. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  118. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  119. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  120. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  121. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  122. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  123. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  124. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  125. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  126. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  127. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  128. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  129. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  130. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  131. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  132. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  133. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  134. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  135. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  136. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  137. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  138. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  139. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  140. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  141. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  142. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  143. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  144. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  145. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  146. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  147. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  148. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  149. Flat Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  150. Flat Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  151. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  152. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  153. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  154. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  155. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  156. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  157. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  158. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  159. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  160. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  161. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  162. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  163. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  164. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  165. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  166. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  167. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  168. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  169. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  170. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  171. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  172. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  173. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  174. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  175. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  176. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  177. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  178. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  179. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  180. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  181. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  182. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  183. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  184. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  185. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  186. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  187. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  188. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  189. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  190. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  191. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  192. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  193. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  194. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  195. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  196. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  197. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  198. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  199. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  200. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  201. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  202. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  203. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  204. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  205. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  206. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  207. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  208. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  209. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  210. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  211. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  212. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  213. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  214. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  215. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  216. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  217. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  218. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  219. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  220. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  221. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  222. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  223. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  224. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  225. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  226. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  227. Longbarrow Field, Timble, North Yorkshire
  228. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  229. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  230. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  231. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  232. Lower Headley Farm, Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  233. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  234. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  235. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  236. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  237. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  238. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  239. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  240. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  241. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  242. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  243. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  244. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  245. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  246. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  247. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  248. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  249. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  250. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  251. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  252. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  253. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  254. Nether Glenny (01), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  255. Nether Glenny (02), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  256. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  257. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  258. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  259. Old Pleck, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  260. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  261. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  262. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  263. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  264. Pen Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  265. Pen Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  266. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  267. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  268. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  269. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  270. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  271. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  272. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  273. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  274. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  275. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  276. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  277. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  278. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  279. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  280. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  281. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  282. Rolleston’s Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  283. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  284. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  285. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  286. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  287. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  288. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  289. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  290. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  291. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  292. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  293. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  294. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  295. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  296. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  297. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  298. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  299. Sheriff Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  300. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  301. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  302. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  303. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  304. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  305. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  306. Southdown Cottage, Cotmandene, Dorking, Surrey
  307. South Wonston, Hampshire
  308. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  309. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  310. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  311. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  312. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  313. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  314. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  315. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  316. Tarbert, Argyll
  317. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  318. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  319. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  320. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  321. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  322. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  323. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  324. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  325. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  326. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  327. Tumble Beacon, Banstead, Surrey
  328. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  329. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  330. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  331. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  332. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  333. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  334. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  335. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  336. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  337. Woodhenge Circle (1), Durrington, Wiltshire
  338. Woodhenge Circle (2), Durrington, Wiltshire
  339. Woodhenge Circle (3), Durrington, Wiltshire
  340. Woodhenge Circle (4), Durrington, Wiltshire
  341. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  342. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland