Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’  A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alexander’s Hill, Follifoot, North Yorkshire
  10. All Saints Church, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  11. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  12. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  13. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  14. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  15. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  16. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  17. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  18. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  19. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  20. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  21. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  22. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  23. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  24. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  25. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  26. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  27. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  28. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  29. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  30. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  31. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  32. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  33. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  34. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  35. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  36. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  37. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  38. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  39. Bedford Hill, Tooting, Surrey
  40. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  41. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  42. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  43. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  44. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  45. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  46. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  47. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  48. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  49. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  50. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  51. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  52. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  53. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  54. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  55. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  56. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  57. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  58. Breckon Howe, Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  59. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  60. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  61. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  62. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  63. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  64. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  65. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  66. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  67. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  70. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  71. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  72. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  73. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  74. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  75. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  76. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  77. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  78. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  79. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  80. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  81. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  82. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  83. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  84. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  85. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  86. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  87. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  88. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  89. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  90. Chealamy, Strathnaver – see Farr Church
  91. Chellow Heights, Heaton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  92. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  93. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  94. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  95. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  96. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  97. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  98. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  99. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  100. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  101. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  102. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  103. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  104. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  105. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  106. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  107. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  108. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  109. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  110. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  111. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  112. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  113. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  114. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  115. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  116. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  117. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  118. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  119. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  120. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  121. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  122. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  123. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  124. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  125. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  126. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  127. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  128. Dowley Gap, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  129. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  130. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  131. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  132. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  133. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  134. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  135. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  136. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  137. Eastwood Farm, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire
  138. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  139. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  140. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  141. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  142. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  143. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  144. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  145. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  146. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  147. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  148. Farr Church, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  149. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  150. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  151. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  152. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  153. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  154. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  155. Fiscary Cairnfield, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  156. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  157. Flat Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  158. Flat Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  159. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  160. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  161. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  162. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  163. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  164. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  165. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  166. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  167. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  168. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  169. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  170. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  171. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  172. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  173. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  174. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  175. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  176. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  177. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  178. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  179. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  180. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  181. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  182. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  183. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  184. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  185. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  186. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  187. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  188. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  189. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  190. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  191. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  192. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  193. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  194. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  195. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  196. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  197. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  198. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  199. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  200. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  201. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  202. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  203. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  204. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  205. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  206. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  207. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  208. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  209. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  210. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  211. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  212. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  213. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  214. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  215. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  216. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  217. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  218. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  219. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  220. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  221. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  222. Langside Farm, Lanark, Lanarkshire
  223. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  224. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  225. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  226. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  227. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  228. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  229. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  230. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  231. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  232. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  233. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  234. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  235. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  236. Loch of Blairs, Forres, Moray
  237. Longbarrow Field, Timble, North Yorkshire
  238. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  239. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  240. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  241. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  242. Lower Headley Farm, Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  243. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  244. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  245. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  246. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  247. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  248. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  249. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  250. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  251. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  252. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  253. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  254. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  255. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  256. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  257. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  258. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  259. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  260. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  261. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  262. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  263. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  264. Nether Glenny (01), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  265. Nether Glenny (02), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  266. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  267. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  268. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  269. Old Pleck, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  270. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  271. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  272. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  273. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  274. Pen Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  275. Pen Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  276. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  277. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  278. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  279. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  280. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  281. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  282. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  283. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  284. Portmore Loch, Eddleston, Peeblesshire
  285. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  286. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  287. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  288. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  289. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  290. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  291. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  292. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  293. Rolleston’s Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  294. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  295. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  296. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  297. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  298. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  299. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  300. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  301. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  302. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  303. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  304. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  305. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  306. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  307. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  308. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  309. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  310. Sheriff Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  311. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  312. Simon Howe, Goathland, North Yorkshrie
  313. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  314. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  315. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  316. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  317. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  318. Southdown Cottage, Cotmandene, Dorking, Surrey
  319. South Wonston, Hampshire
  320. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  321. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  322. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  323. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  324. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  325. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  326. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  327. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  328. Tarbert, Argyll
  329. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  330. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  331. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  332. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  333. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  334. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  335. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  336. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  337. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  338. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  339. Tumble Beacon, Banstead, Surrey
  340. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  341. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  342. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  343. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  344. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  345. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  346. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  347. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  348. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  349. Woodhenge Circle (1), Durrington, Wiltshire
  350. Woodhenge Circle (2), Durrington, Wiltshire
  351. Woodhenge Circle (3), Durrington, Wiltshire
  352. Woodhenge Circle (4), Durrington, Wiltshire
  353. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  354. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland