Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’  A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alexander’s Hill, Follifoot, North Yorkshire
  10. All Saints Church, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  11. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  12. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  13. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  14. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  15. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  16. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  17. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  18. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  19. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  20. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  21. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  22. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  23. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  24. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  25. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  26. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  27. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  28. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  29. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  30. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  31. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  32. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  33. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  34. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  35. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  36. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  37. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  38. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  39. Bedford Hill, Tooting, Surrey
  40. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  41. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  42. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  43. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  44. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  45. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  46. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  47. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  48. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  49. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  50. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  51. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  52. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  53. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  54. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  55. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  56. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  57. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  58. Breckon Howe, Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  59. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  60. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  61. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  62. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  63. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  64. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  65. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  66. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  67. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  70. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  71. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  72. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  73. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  74. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  75. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  76. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  77. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  78. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  79. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  80. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  81. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  82. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  83. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  84. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  85. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  86. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  87. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  88. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  89. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  90. Chealamy, Strathnaver – see Farr Church
  91. Chellow Heights, Heaton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  92. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  93. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  94. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  95. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  96. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  97. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  98. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  99. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  100. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  101. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  102. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  103. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  104. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  105. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  106. Cowpasture Road, Ilkley, West Yorkshire
  107. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  108. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  109. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  110. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  111. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  112. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  113. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  114. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  115. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  116. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  117. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  118. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  119. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  120. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  121. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  122. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  123. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  124. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  125. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  126. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  127. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  128. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  129. Dowley Gap, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  130. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  131. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  132. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  133. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  134. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  135. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  136. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  137. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  138. Eastwood Farm, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire
  139. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  140. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  141. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  142. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  143. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  144. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  145. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  146. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  147. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  148. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  149. Farr Church, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  150. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  151. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  152. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  153. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  154. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  155. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  156. Fiscary Cairnfield, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  157. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  158. Flat Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  159. Flat Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  160. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  161. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  162. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  163. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  164. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  165. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  166. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  167. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  168. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  169. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  170. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  171. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  172. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  173. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  174. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  175. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  176. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  177. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  178. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  179. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  180. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  181. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  182. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  183. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  184. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  185. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  186. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  187. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  188. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  189. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  190. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  191. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  192. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  193. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  194. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  195. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  196. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  197. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  198. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  199. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  200. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  201. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  202. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  203. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  204. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  205. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  206. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  207. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  208. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  209. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  210. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  211. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  212. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  213. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  214. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  215. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  216. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  217. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  218. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  219. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  220. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  221. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  222. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  223. Langside Farm, Lanark, Lanarkshire
  224. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  225. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  226. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  227. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  228. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  229. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  230. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  231. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  232. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  233. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  234. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  235. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  236. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  237. Loch of Blairs, Forres, Moray
  238. Longbarrow Field, Timble, North Yorkshire
  239. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  240. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  241. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  242. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  243. Lower Headley Farm, Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  244. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  245. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  246. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  247. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  248. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  249. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  250. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  251. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  252. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  253. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  254. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  255. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  256. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  257. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  258. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  259. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  260. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  261. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  262. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  263. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  264. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  265. Nether Glenny (01), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  266. Nether Glenny (02), Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  267. Newmarket Heath (1), Newmarket – see Ninescore Hill
  268. Newmarket Heath (2), Newmarket, Suffolk
  269. Newmarket Heath (3), Newmarket, Suffolk
  270. Newmarket Heath (4), Newmarket, Suffolk
  271. Newmarket Heath (5), Newmarket, Suffolk
  272. Ninescore Hill, Newmarket, Suffolk
  273. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  274. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  275. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  276. The Old Pike, Beamsley Moor, North Yorkshire
  277. Old Pleck, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  278. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  279. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  280. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  281. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  282. Pen Howe (1), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  283. Pen Howe (2), Sleights Moor, Sleights, North Yorkshire
  284. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  285. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  286. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  287. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  288. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  289. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  290. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  291. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  292. Portmore Loch, Eddleston, Peeblesshire
  293. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  294. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  295. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  296. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  297. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  298. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  299. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  300. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  301. Rolleston’s Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  302. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  303. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  304. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  305. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  306. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  307. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  308. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  309. St. Serf’s Water, Crieff, Perthshire
  310. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  311. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  312. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  313. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  314. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  315. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  316. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  317. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  318. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  319. Sheriff Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  320. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  321. Simon Howe, Goathland, North Yorkshrie
  322. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  323. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  324. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  325. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  326. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  327. Southdown Cottage, Cotmandene, Dorking, Surrey
  328. South Wonston, Hampshire
  329. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  330. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  331. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  332. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  333. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  334. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  335. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  336. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  337. Tarbert, Argyll
  338. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  339. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  340. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  341. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  342. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  343. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  344. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  345. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  346. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  347. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  348. Tumble Beacon, Banstead, Surrey
  349. The Two Captains, Stetchworth, Cambridgeshire
  350. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  351. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  352. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  353. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  354. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  355. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  356. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  357. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  358. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  359. Woodhenge Circle (1), Durrington, Wiltshire
  360. Woodhenge Circle (2), Durrington, Wiltshire
  361. Woodhenge Circle (3), Durrington, Wiltshire
  362. Woodhenge Circle (4), Durrington, Wiltshire
  363. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  364. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland