Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  14. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  15. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  16. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  17. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  18. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  19. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  20. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  21. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  22. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  23. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  24. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  25. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  26. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  27. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  28. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  29. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  30. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  31. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  32. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  33. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  34. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  35. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  36. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  37. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  38. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  39. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  40. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  41. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  42. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  43. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  44. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  45. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  46. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  47. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  48. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  49. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  50. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  51. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  52. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  53. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  54. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  55. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  56. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  57. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  58. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  59. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  60. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  61. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  62. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  63. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  64. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  65. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  66. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  67. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  68. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  69. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  70. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  71. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  72. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  73. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  74. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  75. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  76. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  77. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  78. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  79. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  80. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  81. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  82. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  83. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  84. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  85. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  86. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  87. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  88. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  89. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  90. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  91. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  92. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  93. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  94. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  96. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  97. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  98. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  99. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  100. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  101. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  102. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  103. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  104. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  105. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  106. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  107. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  108. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  109. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  110. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  111. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  112. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  113. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  114. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  115. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  116. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  117. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  118. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire