Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Apeland Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  8. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  9. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  10. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  11. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  12. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  13. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  14. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  15. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  16. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  17. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  18. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  19. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  20. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  21. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  22. Churchyard Cross, Lower Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire
  23. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  24. Churchyard Cross, St. Briavel’s, Gloucestershire
  25. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  26. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  27. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  28. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  29. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  30. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  31. The Cross, Gussage All Saints, Dorset
  32. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  33. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  34. Dawes Cross, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
  35. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  36. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  37. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  38. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  39. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  40. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  41. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  42. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  43. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  44. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  45. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  46. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  47. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  48. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  49. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  50. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  51. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  52. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  53. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  54. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  55. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  56. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  57. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  58. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  59. High Cross, Elkstone, Gloucestershire
  60. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  61. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  62. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  63. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  64. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  65. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  66. Kilnsea Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  67. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  68. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  69. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  70. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  71. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  72. Market Cross, Aynho, Northamptonshire
  73. Market Cross, Baildon, West Yorkshire
  74. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  75. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  76. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  77. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  78. Market Cross, Harewood, West Yorkshire
  79. Market Cross, Hastings, Sussex
  80. Market Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  81. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  82. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  83. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  84. Market Cross, Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire
  85. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  86. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  87. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  88. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  89. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  90. Maudlin Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  91. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  92. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  93. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  94. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  95. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  96. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  97. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  98. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  99. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  100. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  101. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  102. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  103. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  104. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  105. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  106. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  107. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  108. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  109. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  110. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  111. St. Fumack’s Cross, Botriphnie, Banffshire
  112. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  113. St. James’ Cross, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire
  114. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  115. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  116. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  117. Sepulchre Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  118. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  119. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  120. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  121. Stockham Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  122. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  123. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  124. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  125. Stump’s Cross, Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire
  126. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  127. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  128. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  129. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  130. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  131. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  132. Twiers Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  133. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  134. Village Cross, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
  135. Village Cross, Leighterton, Gloucestershire
  136. Village Cross, Powerstock, Dorset
  137. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  138. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  139. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  140. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  141. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
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