Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  14. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  15. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  16. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  17. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  18. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  19. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  20. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  21. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  22. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  23. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  24. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  25. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  26. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  27. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  28. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  29. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  30. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  31. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  32. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  33. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  34. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  35. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  36. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  37. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  38. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  39. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  40. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  41. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  42. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  43. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  44. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  45. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  46. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  47. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  48. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  49. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  50. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  51. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  52. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  53. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  54. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  55. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  56. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  57. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  58. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  59. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  60. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  61. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  62. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  63. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  64. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  65. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  66. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  67. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  68. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  69. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  70. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  71. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  72. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  73. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  74. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  75. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  76. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  77. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  78. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  79. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  80. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  81. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  82. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  83. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  84. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  85. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  86. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  87. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  88. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  89. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  90. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  91. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  92. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  93. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  94. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  95. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  96. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  97. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  98. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  99. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  100. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  101. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  102. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  103. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  104. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  105. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  106. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  107. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  108. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  109. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  110. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  111. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  112. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  113. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  114. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire