Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Apeland Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  8. Atis Cross, Flint, Flintshire
  9. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  10. Barley Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  11. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  12. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  13. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  14. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  15. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  16. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  17. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  18. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  19. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  20. Butter Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  21. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  22. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  23. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  24. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  25. Churchyard Cross, Lower Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire
  26. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  27. Churchyard Cross, St. Briavel’s, Gloucestershire
  28. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  29. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  30. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  31. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  32. Cowcliffe Cross, Fartown, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  33. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  34. The Cross, Gussage All Saints, Dorset
  35. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  36. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  37. Dawes Cross, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
  38. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  39. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  40. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  41. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  42. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  43. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  44. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  45. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  46. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  47. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  48. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  49. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  50. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  51. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  52. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  53. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  54. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  55. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  56. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  57. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  58. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  59. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  60. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  61. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  62. High Cross, Elkstone, Gloucestershire
  63. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  64. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  65. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  66. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  67. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  68. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  69. Kilnsea Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  70. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  71. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  72. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  73. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  74. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  75. Market Cross, Aynho, Northamptonshire
  76. Market Cross, Baildon, West Yorkshire
  77. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  78. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  79. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  80. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  81. Market Cross, Harewood, West Yorkshire
  82. Market Cross, Hastings, Sussex
  83. Market Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  84. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  85. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  86. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  87. Market Cross, Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire
  88. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  89. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  90. Market Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  91. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  92. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  93. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  94. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  95. Maudlin Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  96. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  97. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  98. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  99. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  100. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  101. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  102. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  103. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  104. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  105. Oat Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  106. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  107. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  108. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  109. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  110. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  111. Port Cross, Port of Menteith, Stirlingshire
  112. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  113. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  114. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  115. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  116. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  117. St. Fumack’s Cross, Botriphnie, Banffshire
  118. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  119. St. James’ Cross, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire
  120. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  121. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  122. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  123. Sepulchre Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  124. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  125. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  126. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  127. Stockham Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  128. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  129. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  130. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  131. Stump’s Cross, Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire
  132. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  133. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  134. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  135. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  136. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  137. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  138. Town Cross, Kendal, Westmorland
  139. Twiers Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  140. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  141. Village Cross, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
  142. Village Cross, Leighterton, Gloucestershire
  143. Village Cross, Powerstock, Dorset
  144. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  145. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  146. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  147. Wheat Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  148. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  149. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire