Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  14. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  15. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  16. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  17. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  18. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  19. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  20. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  21. Churchyard Cross, Lower Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire
  22. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  23. Churchyard Cross, St. Briavel’s, Gloucestershire
  24. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  25. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  26. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  27. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  28. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  29. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  30. The Cross, Gussage All Saints, Dorset
  31. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  32. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  33. Dawes Cross, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
  34. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  35. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  36. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  37. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  38. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  39. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  40. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  41. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  42. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  43. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  44. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  45. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  46. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  47. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  48. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  49. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  50. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  51. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  52. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  53. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  54. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  55. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  56. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  57. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  58. High Cross, Elkstone, Gloucestershire
  59. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  60. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  61. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  62. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  63. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  64. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  65. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  66. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  67. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  68. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  69. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  70. Market Cross, Aynho, Northamptonshire
  71. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  72. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  73. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  74. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  75. Market Cross, Hastings, Sussex
  76. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  77. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  78. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  79. Market Cross, Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire
  80. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  81. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  82. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  83. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  84. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  85. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  86. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  87. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  88. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  89. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  90. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  91. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  92. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  93. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  94. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  95. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  96. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  97. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  98. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  99. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  100. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  101. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  102. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  103. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  104. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  105. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  106. St. James’ Cross, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire
  107. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  108. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  109. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  110. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  111. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  112. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  113. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  114. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  115. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  116. Stump’s Cross, Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire
  117. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  118. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  119. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  120. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  121. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  122. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  123. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  124. Village Cross, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
  125. Village Cross, Leighterton, Gloucestershire
  126. Village Cross, Powerstock, Dorset
  127. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  128. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  129. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  130. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  131. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
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