Crosses

Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  14. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  15. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  16. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  17. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  18. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  19. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  20. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  21. Churchyard Cross, Lower Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire
  22. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  23. Churchyard Cross, St. Briavel’s, Gloucestershire
  24. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  25. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  26. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  27. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  28. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  29. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  30. The Cross, Gussage All Saints, Dorset
  31. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  32. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  33. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  34. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  35. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  36. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  37. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  38. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  39. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  40. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  41. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  42. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  43. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  44. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  45. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  46. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  47. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  48. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  49. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  50. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  51. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  52. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  53. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  54. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  55. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  56. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  57. High Cross, Elkstone, Gloucestershire
  58. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  59. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  60. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  61. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  62. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  63. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  64. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  65. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  66. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  67. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  68. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  69. Market Cross, Aynho, Northamptonshire
  70. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  71. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  72. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  73. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  74. Market Cross, Hastings, Sussex
  75. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  76. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  77. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  78. Market Cross, Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire
  79. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  80. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  81. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  82. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  83. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  84. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  85. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  86. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  87. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  88. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  89. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  90. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  91. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  92. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  93. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  94. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  95. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  96. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  97. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  98. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  99. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  100. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  101. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  102. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  103. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  104. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  105. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  106. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  107. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  108. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  109. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  110. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  111. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  112. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  113. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  114. Stump’s Cross, Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire
  115. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  116. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  117. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  118. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  119. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  120. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  121. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  122. Village Cross, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
  123. Village Cross, Leighterton, Gloucestershire
  124. Village Cross, Powerstock, Dorset
  125. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  126. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  127. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  128. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  129. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
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