Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Apeland Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  8. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  9. Barley Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  10. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  11. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  12. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  13. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  14. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  15. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  16. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  17. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  18. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  19. Butter Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  20. Byrnand Hall Cross, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire
  21. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  22. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  23. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  24. Churchyard Cross, Lower Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire
  25. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  26. Churchyard Cross, St. Briavel’s, Gloucestershire
  27. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  28. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  29. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  30. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  31. Cow and Calf Stones, East Bierley, West Yorkshire
  32. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  33. The Cross, Gussage All Saints, Dorset
  34. Cross Gates Cross, Slaidburn, Lancashire
  35. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  36. Dawes Cross, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
  37. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  38. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  39. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  40. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  41. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  42. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  43. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  44. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  45. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  46. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  47. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  48. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  49. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  50. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  51. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  52. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  53. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  54. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  55. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  56. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  57. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  58. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  59. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  60. High Cross, Aberford, West Yorkshire
  61. High Cross, Elkstone, Gloucestershire
  62. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  63. High Cross, Tottenham, London, Middlesex
  64. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  65. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  66. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  67. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  68. Kilnsea Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  69. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  70. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  71. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  72. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  73. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  74. Market Cross, Aynho, Northamptonshire
  75. Market Cross, Baildon, West Yorkshire
  76. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  77. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  78. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  79. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  80. Market Cross, Harewood, West Yorkshire
  81. Market Cross, Hastings, Sussex
  82. Market Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  83. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  84. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  85. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  86. Market Cross, Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire
  87. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  88. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  89. Market Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  90. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  91. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  92. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  93. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  94. Maudlin Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  95. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  96. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  97. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  98. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  99. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  100. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  101. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  102. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  103. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  104. Oat Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  105. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  106. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  107. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  108. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  109. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  110. Port Cross, Port of Menteith, Stirlingshire
  111. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  112. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  113. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  114. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  115. St. Andrew’s Cross, Dunfermline, Fife
  116. St. Fumack’s Cross, Botriphnie, Banffshire
  117. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  118. St. James’ Cross, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire
  119. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  120. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  121. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  122. Sepulchre Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  123. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  124. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  125. Stob Cross, Markinch, Fife
  126. Stockham Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  127. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  128. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  129. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  130. Stump’s Cross, Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire
  131. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  132. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  133. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  134. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  135. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  136. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  137. Town Cross, Kendal, Westmorland
  138. Twiers Cross, Hedon, East Yorkshire
  139. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  140. Village Cross, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
  141. Village Cross, Leighterton, Gloucestershire
  142. Village Cross, Powerstock, Dorset
  143. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  144. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  145. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  146. Wheat Cross, Richmond, North Yorkshire
  147. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  148. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire