Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bradshaw Cross, Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  14. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  15. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  16. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  17. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  18. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  19. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  20. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  21. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  22. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  23. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  24. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  25. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  26. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  27. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  28. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  29. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  30. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  31. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  32. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  33. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  34. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  35. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  36. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  37. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  38. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  39. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  40. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  41. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  42. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  43. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  44. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  45. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  46. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  47. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  48. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  49. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  50. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  51. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  52. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  53. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  54. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  55. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  56. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  57. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  58. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  59. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  60. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  61. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  62. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  63. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  64. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  65. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  66. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  67. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  68. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  69. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  70. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  71. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  72. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  73. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  74. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  75. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  76. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  77. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  78. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  79. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  80. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  81. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  82. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  83. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  84. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  85. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  86. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  87. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  88. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmott Moor, Lancashire
  89. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  90. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  91. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  92. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  93. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  94. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  95. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  96. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  97. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  98. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  99. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  100. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  101. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  102. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  103. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  104. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  105. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  106. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  107. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  108. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  109. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  110. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  111. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire