Settlements & Enclosures

Archaeological sites which tend to be overlooked by some people are, surprisingly, the places in which our ancestors lived; and then when we do come across such remains they are looked upon as merely ‘domestic’ sites, i.e., that they serve much the same function as our modern houses do. This assumption is both simplistic and naive, as neolithic to Iron Age cultures had very different notions and ingredients about their living quarters. In many settlement remains, the dead were kept with the living; whilst some living quarters were also the abodes of ‘spirit.’ Although we cannot apply this notion across the board, aspects such as these have to be remembered when we try assessing the nature and function of something we see, somewhat profanely, as mere ‘settlements.’  Also remember that people in neolithic through to Iron Age periods were nomadic. There is a notion prevalent in some archaeological circles that when agriculture first arrived in the UK in neolithic times, that it was adopted across the country by all and sundry straight away – which is rather myopic. Much like the North American tribal cultures, small tribal groups here would move from their Spring and Summer settlements to others in the colder seasons, then back again (following the same traditional routes) when Nature’s signs indicated (migration of birds, etc). It’s very unlikely there was a 365-day period where people stayed in the same area. Such a transition took many centuries to become fixed (modern Romany gypsies are the last nomadic cultures of Europe, showing that the notion of ‘settlement’ for everyone is not necessarily the natural order). So prehistoric settlements are important, not merely as sites where communities stayed for periods of time, but also enacted social rituals that were an endemic part of domestic life.

  1. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  2. Allt Leathan, Fortingall, Perthshire
  3. Annanshaw Brae, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  4. Avon Reservoir, Dean Moor, South Brent, Devon
  5. Backstone Beck, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Backstone West, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  7. Bad Chailleach, Little Gruinard, Ross & Cromarty
  8. Baile Mhargaite 1, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  9. Baile Mhargaite 2, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  10. Baile Mhargaite 3, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  11. Baile Mhargaite 4, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  12. Baile Mhargaite 5, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  13. Barrasford Common, Barrasford, Northumberland
  14. Baston Manor, Hayes, Kent
  15. Bastow Wood, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  16. Bengengie North, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  17. Bent Gate, Blubberhouse Moor, North Yorkshire
  18. Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  19. Black Beck, Hawksworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  20. Black Hill, Crawfordjohn, Lanarkshire
  21. Black Hill Enclosure, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  22. Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  23. Blue Scar, Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  24. Bodsbury Hill, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  25. Briscoe Rigg, Rigton, North Yorkshire
  26. Broadbank Earth Circle, Thursden, Burnley, Lancashire
  27. Brown Law, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  28. Burton Moor, West Burton, North Yorkshire
  29. Campside Wood, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  30. Cannings Cross Farm, All Cannings, Wiltshire
  31. Carle Gill, Leadhills, Lanarkshire
  32. The Carrs, Ovenden, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  33. Castercliff, Nelson, Lancashire
  34. Castle Hill, Kirklees, West Yorkshire
  35. Castle Hill, Upper Cumberworth, West Yorkshire
  36. Castle Stead, Cullingworth, West Yorkshire
  37. Castlestead Ring, Cullingworth, West Yorkshire
  38. Catstones Ring, Harden, West Yorkshire
  39. Chapel House Field, Kilnsey, Consistone, North Yorkshire
  40. Chapel House Wood, Kilnsey, Conistone, North Yorkshire
  41. Clowder (1), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  42. Clowder (2), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  43. Clowder (3), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  44. Clowder (4), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  45. Coldstone Beck, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  46. Conichen East, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  47. Corbury Hill, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  48. Corrycharmaig, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  49. Counter Hill, Addingham, West Yorkshire
  50. Cow Close, Skirethorns, Threshfield, North Yorkshire
  51. Cow Gill, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  52. Cratcliff West, Harthill, Derbyshire
  53. Cratcliff Rocks, Birchover, Derbyshire
  54. Crawshaw, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  55. Crookedstane, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  56. Crosley Wood, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  57. Crow Well, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  58. Dewbottoms, Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  59. Dew Bottoms (1), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  60. Dew Bottoms (2), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  61. Dew Bottoms (3), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  62. Dew Bottoms (4), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  63. Dew Bottoms (5), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  64. Dew Bottoms (6), Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  65. Dew Bottoms Top, Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  66. Doddin, Watermeetings, Lanarkshire
  67. Douky Bottom Ring, Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  68. Douky Bottom Settlement, Arncliffe, North Yorkshire
  69. Drake Law, Abington, Lanarkshire
  70. Dumpit Hill Enclosure, Hebden, North Yorkshire
  71. Duncroisk, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  72. Dunruchan, Muthill, Perthshire
  73. Dyke Hills, Dorchester, Oxfordshire
  74. Easington Fell Ring, Newton, Lancashire
  75. Ellershie Hill, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  76. Elvanfoot Settlement, Lanarkshire
  77. Elvanfoot West Settlement, Lanarkshire
  78. Fair Oak Circle, Whitewell, Chipping, Lancashire
  79. Foster Clough Delph, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  80. Garchel Burn, Glendevon, Perthshire
  81. Gastonend Wood, Abington, Lanarkshire
  82. Gill Head, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  83. Glen Cochill 1, Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  84. Glen Cochill 1, Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  85. Glen Cochill 2, Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  86. Glenochar, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  87. Grass Woods, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  88. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  89. Green Crag East, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  90. Green Crag Slack, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  91. Green Plain, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  92. Hammond Close, Threshfield, North Yorkshire
  93. Hawksworth Moor Camp, Hawksworth, West Yorkshire
  94. Helwith Bridge, Stainforth, North Yorkshire
  95. Hickford Hill, Belchamp St Paul, Essex
  96. High Close Pasture, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  97. High Hill, Sigsworth Moor, Fountains Earth, North Yorkshire
  98. High Mark, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  99. Hollin Tree Hill, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  100. Horn Bank, Rigton, North Yorkshire
  101. Horncliffe Circle, Hawksworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  102. Horse Close Hill, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  103. Hurl Burn, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  104. Innischoarach, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  105. Ivy Chimneys, Witham, Essex
  106. Kealcup Hill, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  107. Kimpergill Hill, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  108. Lael Forest, Braemore, Ross & Cromarty
  109. Langcliffe, Kettlewell, North Yorkshire
  110. Lanshaw, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  111. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  112. Lantern Holes, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  113. Lodge Hill, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  114. Marchup, Addingham, West Yorkshire
  115. Mellon Udrigle, Ross & Cromarty
  116. Middle House Pasture, Waterhouses, Malham, North Yorkshire
  117. Moor Lane, Threshfield, North Yorkshire
  118. Mossy Dod, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  119. Newton Bridge, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  120. Normangill Rig, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  121. North Ring, Mucking, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex
  122. North Shortcleuch, Elvanfoot, Lanarkshire
  123. Oldfield Hill, Meltham, West Yorkshire
  124. Outgang Hill, Kilnsey, Conistone, North Yorkshire
  125. Overlee, Clarkston, Renfrewshire
  126. Panorama Woods, Ilkley, West Yorkshire
  127. Power Station Road, Sheerness, Isle of Sheppey, Kent
  128. Prior Rakes, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  129. Proctor High Mark, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  130. Quarry Hill, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  131. Raven’s Peak, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  132. Reed Gill, Camps Water, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  133. Rivock, Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  134. Rough Haw, Flasby, North Yorkshire
  135. Round Dikes, Addingham, West Yorkshire
  136. Royd Edge, Meltham, West Yorkshire
  137. Rushy Beck, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  138. Rybury Hill, All Cannings, Wiltshire
  139. Rams Hill, Kingston Lisle, Oxfordshire
  140. Sand, Applecross, Ross & Cromarty
  141. Rushy Beck West, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  142. Scot Gate Pasture, Conistone, North Yorkshire
  143. Shay Gate, Wilsden, West Yorkshire
  144. Shealwalls, Alyth, Perthshire (NEW FIND)
  145. Sheep Scar, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  146. Sheriff Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  147. Shooting House Hill, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  148. Shorkley Hill, Malham, North Yorkshire
  149. Skelshaw Ring, Easington, Lancashire
  150. Slade, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  151. Snowden Carr Settlement, Askwith, North Yorkshire
  152. Snowden Moor Settlement, Askwith, North Yorkshire
  153. South Kirkby, South Yorkshire
  154. Springfield Lyons, Chelmsford, Essex
  155. Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  156. Stanwick Fortifications, Stanwick-St-John, North Yorkshire
  157. Stead Crag, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  158. Steyforth Hill, Stainburn, North Yorkshire
  159. Stoop Hill, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  160. Stridebut Edge, Malham, North Yorkshire
  161. Studfold Ring, Amplethorpe, North Yorkshire
  162. Sun Bank, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  163. Swinston Hill, Dinnington, South Yorkshire
  164. Talmine (west), Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  165. Tattersal Pasture, Bordley, North Yorkshire
  166. Tooter Hill, Bacup, Lancashire
  167. Torlery Edge, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  168. Torr Mor, Applecross, Ross & Cromarty
  169. Townhead, Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Argyll
  170. Tullich, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  171. Werneth Low, Hyde, Lancashire
  172. Wharncliffe Moor, Stocksbridge, South Yorkshire
  173. Whelphill, Crawford, Lanarkshire
  174. Winsbury Hill, Marksbury, Somerset
  175. Woofa Bank, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  176. Yarmer Head, Nidd, North Yorkshire
  177. Yarnbury, Grassington, North Yorkshire 
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